India (Part 1)

India Amazing Facts 4u

50  Amazing Facts about India | Amazing Facts 4U

  1. India is the World’s largest democracy. It is the seventh largest  and the second most populated country in the World.
  2. India is in fact the world’s largest, oldest, continuous civilization.
  3. India is a very diverse in terms of languages, religions and cultures. There are 17 major languages and 844 dialects spoken in India.
  4. The rich Indian culture includes more than 2000 forms of dances and a long list of more than 370 cuisines across the country.
  5. In terms of geographical area, India occupies only 2.4% of the world’s total land area, yet it is home to around 60% of the world’s biodiversity and 500 species of mammals out of which 21 are not found anywhere else in the world.
  6. Altogether more than 2000 species of birds can be seen in India. The whole of North America excluding Mexico, is 15 times larger than India, yet contains no more than 775 species.
  7. Amazing fact is India has never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history.
  8. Varanasi also known as Benares, was called “the ancient city” when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C. It is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
  9. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 6000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu valley (Indus valley civilization).
  10. In the river sindh humans first developed the art of navigation around 4000 BC. The root word of navigation is derived from the sanskrit word ‘navgatih’.
  11. Button were in fact invented by Indians about 5000 years ago in the Indus valley. At that time buttons were generally made by using sea shell.
  12. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus amazingly used numbers as big as 10*53 (10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BC during the Vedic period.
  13. Yoga was developed in India as a means to keep body and soul fit, somewhere around 3000 BC.
  14. There are thousands of symbols dating back to 2600–1900 BC found near Pakistan/India that are still undeciphered and all attempts to find underlying language has failed.
  15. Sanskrit originated in India in 1500 BC and is regarded as the oldest language on earth. Most of the European languages are in fact derived from it.
  16. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software as quoted by Forbes magazine, July 1987.
  17. Ruler or scale is an equipment for measuring lengths and drawing straight lines. It was developed in India in 1500 BC.
  18. Gopala (Reign 750-770 BC) was probably the first democratically elected head of the state in the entire South Asia. He was the founder of Pala dynasty during the classical period of India.
  19. The World’s first university was in fact established in Takshashila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.
  20. Sushruta is the father of surgery. Amazing fact is that 2600 years ago he conducted complicated surgeries like cesarean, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 specific surgical equipments were used.
  21. In ancient India, Diabetes was called “madhumeha” or “honey urine” as the urine would attract ants. Indian physicians Sushruta and Charaka identified Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes as separate conditions for the first time in 400-500 BC.
  22. In many ancient Indian texts we can find detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, physiology, genetics and immunity.
  23. Aryuveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of Aryuveda in fact developed it 2500 years ago.
  24. The first generative grammar in the modern sense was Panini’s grammar” for Sanskrit in 4th Century B.C. It is even used today as a text book in unchanged form for precise Sanskrit.
  25. Elephants kept Alexander the Great from expanding further east into present day India, because he saw that the kings of the Nanda Empire and Gangaridai could in fact deploy between 3,000 and 6,000 war elephants if need be.
  26. Amazingly there existed a Greek kingdom near Punjab , India that lasted more than 100 years after Alexander the Great’s empire fell apart in 4th Century B.C.
  27. India ink is a normal black ink used for writing, drawing, etc. It was developed in India in 300 BC.
  28. Crucible steel was invented in India around 300 BC. It was more ductile than all the existing forms and is still used in day to day life.
  29. Amazing fact is India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
  30. The  ‘place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were also developed in 100 BC in India.
  31. Grand Anicut Dam of Tiruchi, Tamil Nadu is still standing after 2000 years after it was built. It was built by Chola King Karikalan during the first century.
  32. Arabic numerals are not really Arabic. The fact is they were invented in India. Arabs call the system, correctly, “Hindu numerals.”
  33. The process of crystallization of sugar from sugarcane juice was amazingly discovered in India in the Gupta period (350 AD).
  34. The University of Nalanda was founded in the 4th century  A.D.  Approx. 2,000 teachers and 15,000 students from all over the world lived and studied more than 60 subjects here at the first residential international university of the world.
  35. Ancient scripts which were originally written on palm leaves in India are in fact all rounded because straight lines would rip the leaves.
  36. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the Europeans with amazing precision. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun (5th century) : 365.258756484 days.
  37. The value of pi amazingly up to 9 digits was was first calculated by Budhayana in 6 th Century.
  38. Budhayana explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the Pythagoras to which this is credited.
  39. Martials arts was developed in Kerala , India and spread to different parts of the world by buddhist missionaries. Bodhidharma, a prince of the Pallava dynasty went to China and began the physical training of the Shaolin monks that led to the creation of Kung Fu.
  40. The oldest building in Asia is in fact in India, the Sanchi Stupa from king Ashoka period.
  41. It’s amazing that Algebra , trigonometry and calculus all came from India. Quadratic equations were also solved by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
  42. The world’s largest religious building is a Hindu temple in Angkor way in Combodia. It was built around 11th century.
  43. The Pandyan Empire, an ancient south Indian dynasty, was both the longest lasting empire (1850 years) and was also the richest region in the world as per contemporary historians.
  44. Execution by elephant was a common method of capital punishment in South and Southeast Asia, and particularly in India. Asian Elephants were used to crush, dismember, or torture captives in public executions.
  45. The four religions have been born in India, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism having 25% of the world’s population as followers.
  46. The game of chess was in fact invented in India. A game of cards is also an ancient Indian invention.
  47. The board game of snakes and ladders was invented in India in 13th century. The ladders represented virtues while the snakes represented vices. The game was played with shells and dices.
  48. It’s amazing that Tamils from India reached Australia and New Zealand 500 years before Europeans.
  49. Christofer Columbus in fact went searching for India and reached shore of America.
  50. Vasco da Gama did not discover India as is widely believed , instead he was escorted to India by Indian Traders from Cape Town as per his own journal.

By Amazing Facts 4U Team 

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